Municipal Corporation of India is a state government formed department that works for the development of a city, which has a population of more than twenty thousand. The growing population and urbanization in various cities of India were in need of a local governing body that can work for providing necessary community services like health centers, educational institutes and matters related to housing and property tax.
Municipal Corporation in India formed under the Corporations Act of 1835 of Panchayati Raj system mainly deals in providing essential services in every small town as well as village of a district/city. Their elections are held once in five year and the people choose the candidates. The aim behind its creation was to provide the convenient services to the people as it caters to their daily problems and holds a central importance in the entire state departments. The largest corporations are in the four metropolitan cities of India. These cities not only have a large population, but are also the administrative as well as commercial centers of the country.According to Census of India 1991, there are 3255 ULBs in the country classified into four major categories:
  • nagar nigams
  • nagar palikaa
  • nagar panchayats